There is minimal risk from terrorism in Accra. [9] The act encountered significant resistance from cultural conservatives and local religious leaders who believed that such a law would undermine traditional African values, and that Western values were being implemented into law.[10][11][12]. at the date of this report’s publication assesses Ghana at Level 1, indicating travelers should exercise normal precautions. is popular and generally safe; however, highway robberies are commonplace on rural roads, especially near border areas. Ensure that identification documents, wallets, and portable electronics are secure. The census data are derived mainly from the Ghana Statistical Service. [4][5][6][7] Around one in three women in Ghana are likely to experience domestic violence. Skimming is the primary means of credit fraud and is undetectable until fraudulent charges appear on statements. Others have attempted to “warn” drivers of a mechanical problem or flat tire. Armed robbers have targeted travelers leaving the airport, including following them to accommodations to rob them there. Unlawful fights. The purpose of the scams is to collect money from the victim through these fees. The U.S. Embassy is aware of arrests and related extortion attempts for such activities, but has not received reports of prosecutions. There is evidence that ISIS elements are recruiting in Ghana, and likely have aspirational intentions to conduct an attack. If another car. Increase caution when traveling to the Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Upper East Regions. Civil unrest due to chieftaincy disputes can occur at any time. U.S. Department of State. However, experts note improvements are needed in organised crime prevention measures and to significantly bolster support for victims and witnesses of organised crime. Foreign nationals should carry identification and documentation of their immigration status. Ghana has numerous chieftaincy disputes every year that generally involve competition over limited resources. remain aware of the potential for episodes of unrest. Car theft topped the five most reported crimes to the police, according to a 2009 report on Crime Victimization Survey in Ghana by the Ghana Statistical Service. For more information, refer to OSAC’s report, Traveling with Medications. For more information, review OSAC’s report, Travelers may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the, Primary roads are generally paved and well. Search of place entered by person sought to be arrested. open sources and (U) embassy reporting. Emergency services are limited or nonexistent in many parts of the country in case of vehicular accident or breakdown. Violent crime is on the rise, including armed robberies in expatriate residential areas. windows to steal belongings from vehicles stopped in traffic. Business scams typically begin with an unsolicited communication (usually by e-mail) from an unknown individual who pitches a business opportunity promising quick financial gain. Unlawful fights. The document was compiled from various There are other types of crimes which occur but are hardly given attention in the media. Ghana is a stable democracy that has held six elections since 1992, with three peaceful transitions of power between political parties. Property crimes against foreigners remain a concern, especially residential burglaries and vehicle theft. WARA is associated with International SOS Clinics. Drivers should be prepared to avoid pedestrian crossings and expect sellers and panhandlers to mingle with traffic. Exercise increased caution in urban areas and on intercity highways after dark due to crime. The police have a poor record of investigating and solving serious crimes. Local drivers do not abide by the rules of the road, and police enforce traffic laws unevenly, even in major cities. There have been burglary attempts against expatriate residences, but perpetrators generally lack the sophistication required to overcome home alarm systems and security guards. U.S. Embassy Location and Contact Information. Victims in Ghana have recently reported ransomware attacks, common throughout the world. Increase caution when traveling to the Brong Ahafo, Northern, Upper East Regions. The Ghana Police Service (GPS) is almost solely a reactive force and demonstrates only moderate proactive techniques and ability to deter crime. Arrest, how made. Yesterday, people across Cocoa Affair Court in Accra, the city of Ghana pleaded guilty to crimes they didn't commit. Publishing or Sakawa is a Ghanaian term for illegal practices which combine modern Internet-based fraud with African traditionalist rituals. otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support. The Government of Ghana has set up a task force to address ways to disband political vigilante groups to head off potential violence. This is criminalized as a misdemeanor in Ghana. These “opportunities” usually involve the transfer of a large sum of money or valuables out of the country and the payment of a series of “advance fees,” such as fees to open a bank account or to pay certain taxes in order to complete the transaction; however, the final payoff never occurs. Power to break out of any house for purpose of liberation. Use of force in correcting a child, servant, or … There is serious risk from crime in Accra. If someone is following you, proceed to a police station or other public venue and do not continue to your original destination. During 2018, high-profile rape cases involving multiple assailants against Ghanaian and expatriate victims made national news. The above list of felonies is by no means complete. The Embassy has received reports of fraudulent charities soliciting contributions via the internet or direct mail. Organized crime and corruption constitute a criminal environment that can actively influence political and economic relations in the state. Reliable sources estimate that there are 1.2 million unregistered guns in Ghana. Primary roads are generally paved and well maintained; however, side roads within major cities and many roads outside of urban areas are in poor condition. Two of the three categories of offenses cited in the Criminal Code concern offenses against the individual. [13] In 2017, Operation Vanguard was launched to curb illegal artisanal mining in Ghana. [13] Their activities have depleted Ghana's forest cover and caused water pollution, due to the crude and unregulated nature of the mining process. Over the past year, unknown terrorist groups have conducted a string of attacks throughout neighboring Burkina Faso. ACTS OF GHANA FIRST REPUBLIC CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE, 1960 (ACT 30) ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Section PART I—GENERAL PROVISIONS Procedure 1. Opportunistic crimes targeting motorists and passengers in vehicles are common. While there was some sporadic election-related violence, particularly between grassroots supporters of the two major parties, Ghanaian politics generally takes place in a peaceful context. The Country Council in Accra is active, meeting every other month. The Government of Ghana maintains strict regulations on the sale of these natural resources; all agents must be licensed and all transactions must be certified. Two of the three categories of offenses cited in the Criminal Code concern offenses against the individual. However, terrorist groups are active in several parts of West Africa. Avoid large crowds and demonstrations. In Accra and other urban areas, thieves and armed robbers target motorists using ruses to extort money. Motorists should exercise caution and heightened awareness if opening doors/windows to give money to beggars or street vendors. Believes crime … Unwitting recipients click on these links, compromising their email accounts and making personally identifiable information readily available to cyber criminals. 37. Drivers should carry emergency medical supplies, spare tires, fuel, and tools on long trips, as emergency medical response may be delayed and there is no roadside assistance. Bureau of Diplomatic Security Large crowds may gather at the site of an accident, and could become hostile and aggressive against those perceived to be at fault. Ghana has taken limited steps to combat illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. Exercise increased caution in urban areas and on intercity highways after dark due to crime. The Ghana Police Service (GPS) has labeled certain areas as “flashpoints” because of the large amount of crime, the lack of police presence, and other factors in the area that make them dangerous for everyone, including the police. Many of these operations link to internet cafes in Accra, with some cafes developing reputations for certain types of fraud based on trends in schemes originating from their location. Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s, Business hours: Monday-Thursday, 0730-1700; Friday, U.S. citizens traveling to Ghana should register with the. Review OSAC’s Ghana-specific page for original analytic reports, consular alerts, and contact information, some of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC password. Research any prospective security or private guard company for quality and reliability when considering using their services. In order to … 88.8 Ranked 1st. Procedure for offences. Exercise caution when using credit cards; a growing number of travelers have been victims of credit card fraud. Elected officials on the federal, state, and local levels pass laws that establish which behavior constitutes a crime and what the punishment will be for someone who is found guilty of those crimes. Information about crime in Ghana. [2] Ghanaian girls, and to a lesser extent boys, are subjected to commercial sexual exploitation within Ghana. Police often lack the equipment, resources, training, and personnel to respond to calls for assistance or other emergencies. [2] The nonconsensual exploitation of Ghanaian citizens, particularly children, is more common than the trafficking of foreign migrants. Please note that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. Reliable sources estimate that there are 1.2 million unregistered guns in Ghana. Only arriving passengers may enter the baggage claim area, and drivers or others greeting arriving passengers must wait in a cordoned area just outside the terminal main doors. Power to break out of any house for purpose of liberation. Credit/debit card fraud and related scams are common. Business hours: Monday-Thursday, 0730-1700; Friday, 0730-1230, US Marine Security Guard Post 1: +233 0302 741-775 (Emergencies only). Crime in Ghana is investigated by the Ghana Police Service. Such fraudulent schemes are now prevalent throughout West Africa. Exercise increased caution in parts of the Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Upper East Regions due to civil unrest. Exercise increased caution in parts of the Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Upper East Regions due to civil unrest. The Government of Ghana has set up a task force to address ways to disband political vigilante groups to head off potential violence. Victims of robbery should comply with perpetrator demands, as resistance may cause the situation to escalate to violence. Two robbery types existed under the PNDC: bank robbery and armed robbery. These “opportunities” usually involve the transfer of a large sum of money or valuables out of the country and the payment of a series of “advance fees,” such as fees to open a bank account or to pay certain taxes, the transaction; however, the final payoff. The Embassy receives good support from the GPS and the Special Police Units that protect U.S. government facilities in Accra. 39. Exercise increased caution in urban areas and on intercity highways after dark due to crime. To avoid confusion or delays, travelers are strongly advised to obtain a valid Ghanaian visa at the Ghanaian Embassy prior to arrival. Ghana ranks 10th for overall resilience, having sufficiently effective capacity to combat organised crime and for its efforts to maintain territorial integrity. If you use a credit card anywhere in Ghana, monitor credit card activity closely. Covering a wide range of criminal acts, felonies often involve crimes involving physical harm, or large scale theft and fraud. May 29, 2018 Posted by: Felicity Annan; Category: CID, General Announcements, News; No Comments . The U.S. Embassy is located in the Cantonments neighborhood at #24 Fourth Circular Road, Cantonments, Accra. For more information on self-driving, review OSAC’s reports on, Public transport is unregulated and unsafe, travelers do use public transport, they should use taxis, not. [2] Citizens from other West African countries are subjected to forced labor in Ghana in agriculture or involuntary domestic servitude. Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence. Victims of opportunistic and violent crime are more likely to be targets based on perceived affluence and/or perceived vulnerability, not based on nationality. Road travelers and foreigners operating in rural areas have been the victims of kidnapping in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. There are literally a dozen ways in which a cybercrime can be perpretrated, and you need to know what they are. U.S. citizens traveling or residing in Ghana who are the victim(s) of a crime, including loss or theft of a U.S. passport, should contact the local police and the U.S. Embassy. Mosquito-borne illnesses (e.g., malaria, yellow fever, and dengue) are a significant problem; prevention of bites and proper yellow fever immunization are important throughout Ghana. Check with local authorities before venturing off main roads into outlying areas. A common tactic is to deliberately cause a minor accident to stop a car and then rob the occupants. It came as a shock when police in … There are two types of […] Read More. Here are some tips to guide you. The purpose of the scams is to collect money from the victim through these fees. There are many different types of crimes but, generally, crimes can be divided into four major categories, personal crimes, property crimes, inchoate crimes, and Statutory Crimes: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. [2] Trafficking victims endure extremes of harsh treatment, including long hours, debt bondage, lack of pay, physical risks, and sexual abuse. There are other felonies depends on the circumstances and states. THE 12 TYPES OF CYBER CRIME. Both property crimes and person crimes can be felonies. The most popular form of cybercrime in Ghana is cyberfraud and is typically achieved via credit card fraud. Property crimes involve the theft of property without bodily harm, such as … Armed robbers have targeted travelers leaving the airport. Romance scams occur when an individual uses an online dating service or a social network to make a fake romantic connection. Nationwide, violent crime results in more than 500 deaths per year. Ghana Criminal Code and Courts. Embassy staff can provide a list of local doctors, contact family members or friends and explain how funds may be transferred. structures may pressure citizens to commit crimes. The government does not systematically or overtly discriminate against persons with disabilities, but such persons may experience societal discrimination. 4. News Ghana is a leading online news portal for business coverage in Ghana as well as the wider West Africa region. 6. Over the past year, vigilante groups (politically affiliated gangs) have disrupted local elections, public meetings, and court proceedings, and staged protests at government facilities. [14] The rituals, which are mostly in the form of sacrifices, are intended to spiritually manipulate victims so that the scammer's fraud is successful. Why report a Crime. [2], Women and girls from China, Nigeria, Côte d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso have been subjected to forced prostitution after arriving in Ghana. Foreign nationals should carry identification and documentation of their immigration status. doors/windows to give money to beggars or street vendors. (For the complete list, see the attached document. Take necessary precautions, including vetting IT staff, preventing unauthorized access to servers, installing a virtual private network (VPN), controlling administrator passwords, and updating software and anti-virus programs. Use of force in correcting a child, servant, or … hotels, resorts, and restaurants), hard targets, security forces, and areas of congregation could also be targets. Do not leave luggage unattended. 40. Police routinely stop travelers at checkpoints, and may search vehicles and passengers. Ghana has become a significant trans-shipment point for illegal drugs, particularly cocaine from South America and heroin from Afghanistan. On average, six pedestrians die each day in Ghana. Counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available in Ghana. While domestic violence is a crime punishable by up to two years in prison and/or a fine, police rarely respond to reports of domestic violence. There are as many variations of the custom as the ethnic groups there are in Ghana. Ghana had a murder rate of 1.68 per 100,000 population in 2011. Some perpetrators may claim to have a U.S. visa; often these are fake, even when images are provided. How to Handle Incidents of Police Detention or Harassment. Functions of the Unit Carjacking occurs sporadically; on average fewer than 10 incidents occur each month nationwide, half of which happen in the Greater Accra Region. To ensure effective management, the Unit was placed under the direct supervision of the Head of the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) of the Ghana Police Service. In order to … The U.S. Embassy informs U.S. citizens that, due to credible reports of growing crime rates, U.S. Embassy personnel have been instructed to avoid the following precincts of Accra: Avenor Sowutuom Sukura Agbobloshie Ashaiman (located in the Tema Region) Nima *(see below) *Except when traveling via the main highway past Nima. There is a visible police presence in Accra. Motorists should exercise caution and heightened awareness if opening. Medical facilities are limited, particularly outside Accra. Impostors posing as airport porters and strangers offering assistance with luggage have stolen belongings. 41. There have been increased reports of vehicular fatalities over the past few years. Large crowds may gather at the site of an accident, and could become hostile and aggressive against those perceived to be at fault. Avoid sharing itineraries with strangers, including on social media, and be alert to anyone following you to your accommodations. , including following them to accommodations to rob them there. All crimes that lead to the Death penalty and Juvenile cases get representation. 41. Credit/debit card fraud and related scams are common. The U.S. Embassy can provide a number of services to victims of crime. While there was some sporadic election-related violence, particularly between grassroots supporters of the two major parties, Ghanaian politics generally takes place in a peaceful context. Do not travel to meet internet romantic partners or friends who have requested large sums of money; doing so may increase risk of kidnapping for ransom. There are occasional reports of clashes between government forces and criminal groups; however, these seldom affect foreigners. Counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available in Ghana. Poor road conditions may cause delays, making travel times variable. For more information, review OSAC’s report The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud. Criminals may exploit unlocked car doors or. For more information, review OSAC’s report, Embassy regarding questionable business offers originating or claiming to originate from Ghana. If traveling with prescription medication, check with the Government of Ghana to ensure the medication is legal. Over the past year, unknown terrorist groups have conducted a string of attacks throughout neighboring Burkina Faso. Carjacking occurs sporadically; on average fewer than 10 incidents occur each month nationwide, half of which happen in the Greater Accra Region. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law. 38. Soft targets (e.g. Maintain sufficient distance between your vehicle and the one ahead while stopped in traffic to enable evasive action and to avoid being in a situation where criminals box you in. The U.S. Government has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens in these areas, as U.S. government employees may not travel at night outside of major cities. Organized crime and corruption constitute a criminal environment that can actively influence political and economic relations in the state. Meningitis is a concern within the northern parts of the country. Ghana Table of Contents. Diarrheal illnesses, including typhoid fever and cholera, also remain a concern, as are sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. In recent years, U.S. citizens have reported substantial financial losses from questionable transactions allegedly involving the purchase of gold and other precious metals. Travelers should check with their sponsoring organization to ensure they have the correct documentation in place or risk penalties, including detention, fines, and deportation. [1], Ghana is a country of origin, transit, and destination for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced labor and forced prostitution. Nationwide, violent crime results in more than 500 deaths per year. Street crime is a serious problem throughout the country, and is especially acute in Accra and other, cities. Mode of trial. 39. Felony is the classification of the most serious types of crimes. Bandits typically place obstructions in the road or simulate a crash/broken-down vehicle to stop traffic in order to steal vehicles or belongings. 2. [2], Ghanaian boys and girls are subjected to conditions of forced labor within Ghana in fishing, domestic servitude, street hawking, begging, portering, and agriculture. While such disputes are typically non-violent, the likelihood for, developing from a tribal dispute is greater in parts of, Travelers to rural areas, especially in northern Ghana, should, consult travel advisories before travel and. Pickpocketing, purse snatching, and various scams are the most common forms of crime. Poor road conditions may cause delays, making travel times variable. Additional Resource: Ghana Country Information Sheet. 222 times more than Ghana Violent crime > Murder rate: 3,646 Ranked 30th. The ocean currents along the coast are powerful and treacherous; several people drown each year. Publication of wanted persons, missing persons, stolen property and recovered/found property in the Police Gazette. Check with local authorities before venturing off main roads into outlying areas. The Ghana Police Service Information Room (emergency services) may be reached at +233-0302-773-906 or +233-0302-787-373. Use defensive driving techniques, including maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid accidents. U.S. citizens frequently consult the U.S. Embassy regarding questionable business offers originating or claiming to originate from Ghana. Ghanaian law prohibits wearing military clothing or camouflage. The second type of robbery—the focus of this study—involves robberies other than bank robberies. The American Citizen Services (ACS) Unit cannot recommend a particular individual. However, any type of fraud schemes operated by people in Ghana can be considered Ghana scams… and can lead to criminal prosecution in the United States if U.S. authorities are able to catch the perpetrators. Many vehicles are unlicensed, and most drivers lack basic driver training or insurance. or location and assumes no responsibility for the quality of service provided. Air ambulance service (recommended for severe injuries or illnesses best treated in the United States) is available from AEA International at 800-752-4195. If possible, obtain the names and contact information of all persons involved in the accident and make a note of the extent of any injuries and damage; make a note of any registration information (tag number) of other vehicle(s) involved; obtain the other driver’s permit data, and; give similar information or registration/permit data to the other driver and to the police upon request. Take necessary precautions, including vetting IT staff, preventing unauthorized access to servers, installing a virtual private network (VPN), controlling administrator passwords, and updating software and anti-virus programs. Exercise increased caution in parts of the Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Upper East Regions due to civil unrest. Most frequently, criminals target travelers in crowded areas. There are three legal forms of marriage in Ghana: the Customary, the Islamic and the Ordinance. If you fear for your safety, go to the nearest police station. There are occasional reports of clashes between government forces and criminal groups; however, these seldom affect foreigners. Ghana Table of Contents. This isn't something new or extraordinary. The U.S. Embassy in Accra does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the persons or firms appearing in this report. Theft of luggage and pickpocketing occurs at the airport. Public smoking is illegal in Ghana. or the United States Government, except as otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public statements). and armed robbers target motorists using ruses to extort money, In some cases, robbers have intentionally caused. Mode of trial. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Ghana. )Rape, sexual assault, and domestic violence remain significantly underreported. [2] The movement of internally trafficked children is either from rural to urban areas, or from one rural area to another, as from farming to fishing communities. Arrest Generally 3. There have been no terrorist acts specifically targeting U.S. interests or citizens in Ghana. Perpetrators of business fraud often target foreigners, including U.S. citizens. Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s Africa team with any questions. Pickpocketing, purse snatching, and various scams are the most common forms of crime expatriates encounter. THE 12 TYPES OF CYBER CRIME. Public transport is unregulated and unsafe. Property crimes against foreigners remain a concern, especially residential burglaries and vehicle theft. CID. Contact Information for Available Medical Services. There is minimal risk from terrorism in Accra. If you receive business offers or charity requests, particularly unsolicited ones, carefully check out the requesting entity before committing any funds, providing any goods or services, or undertaking any travel. Spear-phishers make contact under the guise of a business contact or possible future business associate, and attempt to pass information via emails that contain questionable links. Criminals frequently carry weapons; the most prevalent are locally manufactured pistols, rifles, and shotguns. Pre-arrange with your hotel or company for transportation services from the airport, and confirm the identity of drivers before entering vehicles; criminals posing as drivers have robbed travelers. Customary marriage in Ghana is a kind of marriage between a man and a woman, and involves performance of certain local customs. Travel to tourist and historic areas of the country. Ghana has taken limited steps to combat illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. 5. Use of force for preserving order on board a vessel. Most cases occur at night. While domestic violence is a crime punishable by up to two years in prison and/or a fine, police rarely respond to reports of domestic violence. There are literally a dozen ways in which a cybercrime can be perpretrated, and you need to know what they are. 37. Victims in Ghana have recently reported ransomware attacks, common throughout the world. The Central Firearms Registry [CFR] was created in the year 1955 with the sole responsibility of registering and licensing of firearms within the country. Travelers to rural areas, especially in northern Ghana, should consult travel advisories before travel and remain aware of the potential for episodes of unrest. Punishment for these types of crimes often includes imprisonment , the length of which is defined in each state’s penal codes. , including maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid accidents. for original analytic reports, consular alerts, and contact information, some of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC password. Excessive speeding, unpredictable driving behavior, and lack of adherence to basic safety standards for local vehicles are widespread. The law provides persons with disabilities access to public buildings “as far as is practical.” However, most buildings, transportation, and educational facilities do not provide for people with special needs. Factor public transportation safety into travel plans, and pre-arrange travel with trusted transportation service providers when possible. Street crime is a serious problem throughout the country, and is especially acute in Accra and other large cities. Consular officers can help victims of crime understand the local criminal justice process and provide a list of local attorneys, if needed. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has an office in the Embassy and works closely with the Narcotics Control Board, which coordinates government counter-narcotics efforts. Skimming is the primary means of credit fraud and is undetectable until fraudulent charges appear on statements. And personnel to respond to calls for assistance or other public venue and do not abide the! Problem in their community are property crimes and person crimes can be perpretrated and... Murder, rape, and likely have aspirational intentions to conduct an attack 14-year-old girl Kasoa... Republic criminal PROCEDURE Code, 1960 ( Act 30 ) ARRANGEMENT types of crimes in ghana SECTIONS Section PART I—GENERAL PROVISIONS 1... Information readily available to cyber criminals perpetrators may claim to have a for! 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