Book Link: https://amzn.to/2Nokr9MFREE Audiobook Trial: https://amzn.to/2A5gb8sIn this video, we'll explain the Situational Leadership Model. Hersey and Blanchard. We’re never the first people to try something or find something new, and so there comes a point when just following someone is not enough. Situational theories of leadership work on the assumption that the most effective style of leadership changes from situation to situation. Thus, the nature of leader–follower relationships involves reciprocity, the mutual exchange of influence. 5 In fact, there would be no leaders without followers. Leadership has the power of changing the behavior of employees. Situational leadership will be high on the “directive” aspect when the subordinates are not sufficiently developed and need constant supervision. In this video, Dr. Zia is talking about the triangle of Leader Follower & Situation. Keep all of the below in mind when formulating a response to this question. Purpose – Ambiguity surrounding “follower competence and commitment” of Hersey and Blanchard’s situational leadership theory (SLT) has rendered validation difficult. When things go wrong, leaders don’t dwell on how bad things are. Situational Leader = Leadership Grid + Follower’s Development Level. SItuational leadership depends on the leader's ability to judge an employee's maturity level. The theory was first introduced in 1969 as "life cycle theory of leadership". A situational leadership model is one that describes how followers will require a different style of leadership depending on the situation in hand. Followers are content to stick with the safety of the status quo. During the mid-1970s, life cycle theory of leadership was renamed "Situational Leadership Theory." Different situations demand different kinds of leadership. Followers are often thought of as sheep, yes-people, or cheerleaders, and some do play those parts. Consider the example in figure 3. The leader's perception of themselves and other factors such as stress and mood will also modify the leaders' behavior. Situational Leadership Theory, or the Situational Leadership Model, is a model created by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard, developed while working on Management of Organizational Behavior. Who focused on leaders matching their styles to the competence and commitment of employees? The four basic ways of leading followers in the Situational Leadership® method are directing, supporting, coaching and delegating. Related. They see change as frightening and troublesome. Followers see the limitations inherent in any given situation; leaders see the possibilities. Leadership is defined as a process where an individual influences a group of followers to achieve a common goal or outcome (PSYCH 485: Leadership in the Work Setting, p. 5, 2014). Thus, leadership is the function of an interaction between the leader, the follower, and the context. Followers are much-maligned, but we’re all followers in some areas of our lives. Coaching. Paul Hersey and Kenneth Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Theory, on the other hand, examines how leadership is dependent upon whether a follower is someone being developed or someone who has already been developed. The leader/follower situation framework contains the elements: leader, follower, and situation. Hersey and Blanchard see directing as the way a leader communicates a directive, or instruction, to the follower. Here are the do's and don'ts to consider when answering the interview question "Are you a leader or a follower?" Therefore, situational leadership explains how leaders must react and decide, based on specific circumstances, and that all leadership is situational. They note that a leader directing tasks to a follower is basically a one way form of communication. You are both a leader and a follower—the individual situation dictates which is more predominant in a given situation. One of the major benefits of the situational leadership ® approach is the core message of the theory: there is no single leadership style, but rather a leader must find the right fit for the given situation. Situational leadership often does not work well when repetitive tasks need to be completed, as this type of leadership is flexible and many task-driven environments are not. To be most effective and successful, a leader must be able to adapt his style and approach to diverse circumstances. Leadership is a process that emerges from a relationship between leaders and followers. Are you open to change? For example, some employees function better under a leader who is more autocratic and directive. According to the definition of leadership, the results that may come of a leader are dependent on the followers and the situation. This theory was first called the “Life Cycle Theory of Leadership.” During the mid-1970s, it was … For example, Lowin and Craig (1968), in an imaginative laboratory experiment, showed Followers see the limitations inherent in any given situation; leaders see the possibilities. Using Situational Leadership, the leader would place an X on the readiness continuum as shown in Figure 3 (below R1). When we follow successful leaders, we learn what works and what doesn’t work, what to do and what not to do. History of Situational Leadership® In 1969, Blanchard and Hersey developed Situational Leadership® Theory in their classic book Management of Organizational Behavior. Geir Thompson, Lars Glasø, (2018) "Situational leadership theory: a test from a leader-follower Figure 1: Hersey and Blanchard Situational Leadership Styles. 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