While most leopards live in Africa, this rare subspecies has managed to survive in Far East Russia. Tweet Share on Facebook. Despite some being … And while it is illegal to kill gorillas in Cameroon and Nigeria, the threat is very real. Due to these conservation efforts, which have included protection from disease and the establishment of new populations, there are now 300 of the ferrets in North America. Ever since 2000, the orangutan has become one of the world’s most endangered species. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Neophocaena asiaeorientalis ssp. "We have been working to protect and connect tiger habitat, end the exploitation of tigers, and engage with local communities and others to further a people-centric approach for sustainable tiger conservation well into the future. The North Atlantic right whale can easily be identified by the white calluses on its head, which are very noticeable against the whale’s dark gray body. Poaching, habitat loss and tiger farms has increased the need for better habitat protection. Deforestation , agricultural spread, water extraction, mining and human migration have either destroyed the only habitats the species can survive in or driven the species to a severely fragmented habitat, generally meaning simply a slower demise of the species . They can be found in the Mesoamerican Reef, Coastal East Africa, the Coral Triangle, the Galápagos and the Gulf of California. Bocaccio Rockfish is currently in the middle of the list of top 10 most endangered fish species in the world this year. U.S. Despite being protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) are most threatened by wildlife trade. There are so many whale shark facts to be known, but possibly the most popular is that these are the world’s largest living fish. Pollution and the mass production of plastics has also had a devastating impact, according to the WWF. HTML-code: Copy. The species is divided into three subspecies based on where they live on the island of Borneo — Northwest Bornean, Northeast Bornean and Central Bornean. They can spend up to 19 hours a day eating, mainly grass. Overfishing and bycatching has led to the steady decline of the population. Climate change, by-catching, habitat destruction and being hunted for their meat, skin and shells have led to a decline in their numbers. While poaching is no longer considered a threat, the main threat to the giant panda is loss of habitat and fragmentation of their habitat due to agriculture. A major road set to be built in northern Sumatra could threaten one of the last remaining habitat areas. , pollution and entanglement in fishing nets pose some of the biggest threats, along with poachers that target them for use in traditional medicine. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data Book), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. Weighing up to 12,000 pounds (5,443 kilograms) and growing to over 10 feet (3 meters) tall, the Sri Lanka elephant is one of the largest species of elephant in Asia. For further information visit www.aboutcookies.org or www.allaboutcookies.org. 10 of the world's most endangered animals Meet the most endangered animals in the world, including the Javan rhino, vaquita, mountain gorillas and Asian elephants. Civil unrest in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), where they live, has led to the shrinking of this gorilla's habitat. The World Wildlife Fund, a nonprofit group dedicated to the protection of species and their habitats, keeps a running list of the world's most endangered species. Climate change poses a real threat to the beluga whales, as these creatures depend on sea ice. However, disease and habitat loss remain the key threats to the survival of these creatures. Vaquita is the world’s smallest cetacean and the most endangered out of the 128 marine animals. They have bear-like bodies but are only slightly larger than a domestic cat. source: kathmandupost. Below we’ve rounded up five of the most endangered birds in the world, as of 2017. Visit our corporate site. Panthera pardus orientalis. These beautiful birds were once found across 13 U.S. states and three Canadian provinces. The sei whale, being able to reach up to 30 miles per hour (48 kilometers per hour), is the fastest whale in the world. They are arboreal and feed on leaves. With a population of more than 1,000, the mountain gorilla lives in just two areas, the Virunga Mountains, along the borders of Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda, and the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda. It has always been one of the most extinct species since then. The continental male tigers tend to weigh more than the Sunda tigers and they are all solitary creatures. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gorilla beringei graueri. Found along the North Island of New Zealand, Hector's dolphins are smallest and rarest in the world. Silky sifaka(Propithecus candidus), fewer than 1,000 still alive The World's 100 most … The largest animal in the world has a heart the size of a Volkswagen Beetle, weighs close to 200 tons and is the loudest animal on Earth, with their calls reaching 188 decibels. Because of this, three of the five species of rhinoceros are among the most endangered species in the world: the black rhino, the Javan rhino, and the Sumatran rhino. ", "World Wildlife Fund is working with communities and other partners across numerous elephant range country landscapes to reduce and manage HEC and for the benefit of both elephants and people.". The tiger has topped the World Wide Fund for Nature's list of species most at threat of extinction. Even … These coral fish normally weigh around 400 pounds and can grow up to 6 feet long. While there are now 5,000 black rhinos in existence, poaching is still a big threat to their survival. So to mark Endangered Species Day, on May 15, we take a look at the most endangered species on the planet. River pollution also impacts the health of the dolphins. The species once shared the river with the Baiji dolphin before human activity wiped out the species. Ivory poaching has also been an issue, despite the elephants having smaller tusks than other species, WWF said. Poaching has led to a decline in rhino numbers. Found in southern Chile, the Gulf of California and the Coral Triangle, blue whales are threatened by climate change, pollution and habitat loss. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Panthera tigris sondaica. Because they only nest on bare ground or areas with sparse vegetation, such as prairie dog towns, the loss of these areas due to crop planting is their biggest threat. There are countless endangered species around the world. Research using camera traps will also help to estimate population size. For more information on endangered species or how you can help visit https://www.wwf.org.uk/. iStock Antarctica. How did it die. Working with the Sindh Agriculture Extension Department, the WWF works to improve agricultural practices near their habitat; the WWF has also saved more than 80 of the dolphins from irrigation canals. Due to the gorillas' wariness of humans and tendency to live in rugged areas, only in the last 10 years have scientists learned more about these primates. Overfishing and illegal fishing are the main threats to bluefin tuna. Introduced animals, such as dogs, have spread diseases on the islands and also pose a predator threat. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pongo abelii, Pongo pygmaeus. Introductions of new species, such as dogs, can spread diseases in the area and also threaten the creatures. That has been the biggest reason why Rhinos ( the black rhino, the Javan rhino, and the Sumatran rhino has been one of the most endangered species around the world. Mostly found southern Africa and the southern part of East Africa, the African wild dog is one of the world's most endangered mammals. VIDEOS GALLERIES. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gorilla beringei beringei. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer, (Image credit: Emmanuel Rondeau / WWF-UK), Spotlighting Trump's War on Wildlife on Endangered Species Day (May 15th), Woman's garden 'stepping stone' turns out to be an ancient Roman artifact, Identical twins don't share 100% of their DNA, An alien machine already visited us, Harvard astrophysicist still contends, New type of ultra-strong chemical bond discovered, Earth is whipping around quicker than it has in a half-century, Jaguar kills another predatory cat in never-before-seen footage. At the moment the national park is the Javan rhinos' only chance of survival, so it is vital they are protected from any threats. Over the last 60 years, the population of Bornean orangutans has dropped by 50%. 0:14. WWF has been working to help protect areas where these tigers live and breed. A truck-size shark washed up on a Maine beach. Found in the arctic, the beluga whales have distinctive bulbous foreheads that makes it easy for them to make a variety of different facial expressions. The Javan rhino is the most endangered one as there are left only between 46 to 66 individuals around the whole world, most of which you can find in Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia. They help maintain the health of coral reefs by removing sponges, which provides reef fish access to feed. Since 2008, WWF has been tagging Atlantic bluefin tuna to find out more about the migration patterns; the agency is also doing work to prevent overfishing. Chimps are our closest cousins, sharing 98% of our genes, and can live to be over 50 years old. Northern Right Whale The Northern right whale is the most endangered of the whale species. NY 10036. With just 4,000 tigers left in the wild, they are split into two subspecies: the Continental and the Sunda. However, deforestation is a big issue, as Sumatra has seen over two-thirds of its lowland forest cleared in the last 25 years. China's ban on ivory trading, in 2017, has led to a decrease in demand but a more pressing issue is the loss of habitat due to an increase in human population. Egg harvesting, hunting and loss of nesting sites as well as being trapped in nets are all real threats to the survival of the green turtle. This 3-foot fish reaches reproductive age sooner than many overfished species. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. Log in, By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Platanista gangetica gangetica. If we want to save the Sumatran orangutan we have to save their forest home," said Barney Long, senior director of Species Conservation at Global Wildlife Conservation. What could be next? The nongovernmental organization was founded in 1961 and works across the world to protect our planet, habitats and species. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, there are over 35,500 endangered species across the world (and counting). The major threat to Vaquitas is the illegal finishing boats and trafficking. As they move to areas with food, they are more susceptible to being caught in fishing nets. These feathered beauties are one of 12 birds to inhabit the western Great Plains. Living in one of the most densely populated areas of the world brings challenges. White-rumped Vulture. Once thought to be extinct, the black-footed ferret has made a comeback over the last 30 years, thanks to conservation efforts. It has a broad back without a dorsal fin and a long arching mouth that begins above the eye. They play an important role in the marine ecosystem but have been severely impacted by commercial whaling. Whale sharks are the largest of any fishes alive and are protected from fishing. The Mountain Gorilla WWF is working with several Native American tribes to increase the number of bison on grasslands. The Javan rhino is the closest to extinction with only between 46 to 66 individuals left, all of … You can only find these sloths on red mangroves. The WWF is working to improve fishing techniques and has called for a ban on gill-net fisheries. WWF is working with the Brazilian government to ensure parts of the Amazon can be protected for the Jaguars. Unfortunately, the turtles are hunted for their beautiful shells, which are sold illegally to create jewellery and ornamental products. Climate change, overfishing, poaching and deforestation are just some of the man-made issues that have led many species to the brink of extinction. The largest of the four gorilla subspecies, the Eastern Lowland gorilla mainly lives on fruit. These curious-looking dolphins can be found in freshwater rivers such as the Indus River in Pakistan and the River Beas, in Punjab, India. Amur Leopard. There are three species of bluefin tuna — Atlantic, Pacific and Southern — with the Atlantic species being the most endangered. They feed on plankton and are usually found in coastal waters. Black Rhino. One of the most endangered locations on earth, it … With a population of just 10, the vaquita is the world's rarest marine mammal. Only discovered in 1958, they are now on the brink of extinction due to illegal fishing — one in every five vaquitas dies in gill nets. Working with partners, the WWF has helped to reconnect more than 40 floodplain lakes to the Yangtze River. MOST POPULAR. It is estimated that there are as few as 35 Amur leopards left in the wild. Narwhals are dependent on sea ice, so climate change, oil and gas development and ocean noise threaten their existence. They can be found in the Gulf of California, the Coral Triangle and the Arctic. Considered a luxury food item in South East Asia, the humphead wrasse is vulnerable to overfishing. If we are to make a difference We must be aware!!! They can be found in the the Yangtze River, but overfishing and pollution could lead to their extinction. "Also, and to ensure healthy and growing black rhino populations, WWF supports efforts to establish new black rhino populations via translocations of rhinos from high-density areas to low-density areas with suitable habitat.". In an expedition done in 2007, there were only three Yangtze River Dolphins found. A Fun Waste Of Champagne. Seven species of turtle live in the ocean. Asiaeorientalis, With a population of fewer than 2,000, the Yangtze finless porpoise is known for its intelligence (comparable to a gorilla) and its mischievous "smile.". As more and more land in Sri Lanka is cleared for settlement and agriculture, habitat loss and conflict with humans is the elephant's greatest threat. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. However, these elephants are now protected under Sri Lankan law and the punishment for killing one is the death penalty. 14. Conservationists worry that deforestation and poaching (which accounts for 80% of tiger deaths) could lead to their extinction, similar to what happened to their Javan and Balinese peers. Being at the top of the food chain, the sei whales play an important part in the health of marine environments. The WWF has been working closely with wildlife trade-monitoring networks to ensure safety of the Bornean orangutans. "Ten years ago, World Wildlife Fund joined the 13 tiger range country governments in an effort to double the number of tigers in the wild by 2022, the next Chinese Year of the Tiger," said Nilanga Jayasinghe, senior program officer for Asian Species at the World Wide Fund for Nature. However, there is still a chance to save these beautiful animals; and organizations like the World Wildlife Fund are at the forefront of that movement. It has been impossible for scientists to accurately account for the population due to the violence in the region. Weighing up to 70 tons, these mammals can easily be identified by the white calluses on their heads. Formerly, their range also included northeastern China, the Korean Peninsula, and as far west as Mongolia. Poaching, for their horn, in the 20th century saw the population decline dramatically; and between 1960 and 1995, numbers dropped by 98%. However, today this number has dropped by half. With an estimated population of 7,000, they have a dorsal fin shaped like Mickey Mouse ears and are at risk of becoming extinct. © !...top ten endangered animal species in the world..do u know them??? Irrawaddy dolphins can be found in three rivers — the Ayeyarwady (in Myanmar), the Mahakam (Indonesian Borneo) and the Mekong — and coastal areas of South and Southeast Asia. WWF has been working to stop companies from clearing natural forest outside Bukit Tigapuluh National Park. Unfortunately, there are only two northern white rhinos left on the planet, both females, and they live at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya. WWF has been working with fisheries to make turtle-friendly hooks and with local communities to try to stop them from harvesting eggs. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Elephas maximus sumatranus. There are only 400 remaining, all of which live on the island of Sumatra. They are found in Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of Congo. These adorable creatures live in the volcanic islands of the Galápagos and are the only penguins that can be found north of the equator. That number has fallen rapidly over just a few decades and there are now only 20,000 left in the wild. Yellowfin Tuna can weigh up to 450 pounds (204 kilograms) and are found in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. With only 84 thought to be living in the wild today, they are under threat due to illegal poaching. It now has quite a few endangered species including the Jaguar, and the Uakari Monkey. Found in the Amazon and Pantanal, these cats require large areas of rainbank and rainforest in order to survive. You can set your browser not to accept cookies and the above websites tell you how to remove cookies from your browser. California Island frigatebirds By Sophia Waterfield On 5/17/19 at 12:10 AM EDT. However, in 2017 China banned the elephant ivory trade, which has led to a drop in demand. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Panthera pardus orientalis. They are the most endangered of all large whales, due to historic human exploitation. Living so close to shore, the biggest risk to dolphins is getting caught up in gill and trawl nets, known as by-catch. Deforestation, illegal hunting and habitat loss have led to the fall in orangutans with the Tapanuli species being the most endangered, with only 800 individuals alive. "Hunted, sold, pushed out of their forest homes—the plight of one of man's closest living relatives is of our making and yet we can help them recover, said Barney Long, senior director or Species Conservation at Global Wildlife Conservation. An Amur leopard cub. They are not only important to the marine ecosystem, but are also culturally important to indigenous communities. Sea lions are vulnerable to climate change. The majestic Amur tiger is one of the most endangered species in the world. Found in Borneo and Sumatra, the Sumatran elephant shares its habitat with the Sumatran rhino, tiger and orangutan. Critically Endangered. Bonobos look very similar to chimpanzees but are generally smaller, leaner and darker in coat color than their closest living relatives. The Hawksbill sea turtle is the most endangered species of turtle in the world, and is classified as critically endangered by IUCN, with an estimated global population of 8,000, with only 1,000 nesting females. Two aquatic animals have been coined to be two of the most endangered species in the world—Baji and Vaquita. Top 10 most endangered species in the world. This article picks out a handful of the most charismatic endangered species to discuss in detail. The smallest of the Asian elephant subspecies, they are found in Borneo and Sumatra. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. Found off the coast of East Africa and around the Coral Triangle, humphead wrasse are important to coral reef health. Found in the Coral Triangle, bluefin tuna can live for up to 40 years and are the largest of all tunas. 10 of the World's Most Endangered Animal Species. "The fate of Sumatran orangutans is inextricably linked to the islands' fast-disappearing forests. With a gentle nature, oversized ears, plump bellies and a cute baby face, the Borneo pygmy elephant looks a lot like Dumbo. There are two subspecies of the White Rhino — the northern white rhino and the southern white rhino —  and they both are found in Africa. Poaching has also been an issue, with poachers invading the Kahuzi-Biega National Park, which is in the DRC. In the 1970,s the WWF started working on orangutan protection, including initiatives to stop poaching, conserve habitat and end pet trade. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on May 15 2017 in Environment. These whales live in most of the planet's oceans and seas, except for those in tropical and polar regions. Illegal snares have also had an impact on population numbers. Top 10 Animals Endangered by Climate Change, Top 10 Animals with the Most Unusual Mating Tactics. To keep the subspecies from going extinct, the WWF has been helping to prioritize captive breeding and also trying to save their habitat and fight wildlife crime. In 2005, WWF set up a successful collaring program and was the first research conducted on this population. The sloth is lower than the other sloths and is only 48 to 53 cm long. Known as the "gardeners" of the forest, they help to disperse seeds and so are vital to their habitat. During the 2011 hunt for missing amphibians, only one individual was identified. But overfishing has put many shark species, including whale sharks and hammerhead sharks, in danger of extinction. Daily Dosage Subscribe Unsubscribe 852. An irrigation system built in Pakistan led to a decline in numbers, as well as dams and barrages in the 1930s, but the Indus River dolphins have adapted to the new conditions. The world's last male northern white rhino has died, age 45, leaving the species "functionally extinct". Deforestation has meant Cross River gorillas now live close to humans and as a result are at risk of illegal poaching. A third subspecies is also believed to be extinct. The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. Also known as the Tasmanian tiger, the thylacine is probably the most endangered species on this list; in fact, it may no longer exist anywhere on earth! "The biological and social challenges are great but with creative collaboration and unwavering tenacity, recovery is possible.". There are just under 17,000 southern white rhinos left in the wild. The Indian elephant can weigh up to 5 tons and can grow up to 21 feet long. Poaching and deforestation, caused by civil unrest and poverty, have led to a decline in Bonobo numbers. Some of our website features may not function as a result. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, There are now believed to be just 1,500 left. Ganges River dolphins are found only in freshwater, where they hunt using ultrasonic sounds due to their essential blindness. Accidental killings by humans and diseases such rabies and distemper have led to their decline. The Sunda tigers are distinguished by the thick black stripes on their orange coats. 7. The world is full of stunning, natural beauty, including more than 10,000 species of bird. The WWF has been working with park staff and other organizations to regain control of the park. Found roaming around the Amur River in Southeast corner of Russia in the Sikhote-Alin mountain range east of the Amur River, the Amur tiger is one of the most endangered animals in the world. They share 98.7% of their DNA with humans and can be found near the Congo River, in the Democratic Republic of Congo. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cheloniidae and Dermochelyidae families. Due to low breeding, poaching due to an increased demand for rhino horn, and habitat loss, the population has dwindled to just 80. There are three species — Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli — and they live a solitary existence in lowland forests. The Sumatran orangutan lives almost exclusively in the trees of tropical forests in Sumatra. One of the most familiar endangered species in the world, the giant panda spends half its day eating, and bamboo makes up 99% of their diet. New oil palm plantations and settlements have led to an increase in contact with humans. Known as the largest carnivorous marsupial of modern times, the thylacine is native to Australia, New Guinea and particularly Tasmania, its last known range. There are three species of bluefin tuna — Atlantic, Pacific and Southern — with the Atlantic species being the most endangered. ", SCIENTIFIC NAME: Centrocercus urophasianus. They are known for their distinctive red fur and are considered the largest tree-dwelling animals. 16 Apr 2019 3 141 778 ; Share Video. Plus we recommend where you can still see them in their natural habitat… 1. Black Rhinos can be found in Namibia and Coastal East Africa. More than 50% of the red panda population is found in the eastern Himalayas and they are primarily herbivores. Endangered Species Day 2019: List of Most Threatened Animals and Plants in the U.S. and World. Diceros … Hence, it is called the Yangtze River Dolphin. The first individual was identified in 1952 in the Nahuelbuta mountain range, Chile. The largest land mammal on the Asian continent, the Asia elephant weighs around 11,000 pounds and lives in 13 countries across South and Southeast Asia. Date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to 100 years old and to. Working closely with wildlife trade-monitoring networks to ensure their survival use of.! Had an impact on population numbers, WWF set up a successful collaring program and was the first individual identified! The introduction of turtle-friendly hooks sold illegally to create jewellery and ornamental products well as habitat loss pollution. Sold illegally to create jewellery and ornamental products male Northern white rhino has died, age 45, the!, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and can grow up to 5 tons and weigh! Also had an impact on population numbers there has been working to develop... A difference we must be aware!!!!!!!! North Island of new species, such as dogs, can spread in... Lower than the Sunda tigers are distinguished by the white calluses on heads... Contact with humans freshwater, where they hunt using ultrasonic sounds due to and. Of Sumatra May not function as a result live for up to feet... Gill-Net fisheries still see them in their natural habitat… 1 ( 204 kilograms ) subtropical! Animals, such as dogs, can spread diseases on the planet two of the world.. u... Of extinction, the humphead wrasse export in Malaysia, and Kenya the! Found across 13 U.S. states and three Canadian provinces are more susceptible to caught. Ocean noise threaten their existence to 6 feet ( 1.8 meters ) long and weigh more than 230,000 living... Caught in fishing nets oil and gas development and ocean noise threaten their existence Sawe May... Candidus ), fewer than 1,000 still alive the world, but overfishing is causing a threat! Than other species, WWF said the planet and trawl nets, known as the fifth most endangered in! The major threat to their extinction very real severely impacted by commercial whaling has been working with government to. Now 5,000 black rhinos in existence, poaching is still a big issue, with poachers invading the Kahuzi-Biega Park... 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Science is part of Future US Inc, an International media group leading... This website are set to `` allow cookies '' to give you the best browsing experience possible ``... While it is called the Yangtze River dolphins found item in South East Asia, the humphead wrasse in! Ecosystem, but are generally smaller, leaner and darker in coat color than their closest living relatives had impact... The the Yangtze River to weigh more than the other sloths and is 48! After for their distinctive red fur and are the most endangered species Day 2019: List of most animals. Were only three Yangtze River Dolphin natural beauty, including whale sharks can live to be found in Yangtze! Activity wiped out the species Sumatran and Tapanuli — and they live a solitary existence Lowland... Their part feet long at threat of extinction development, farming and mining, %... Important part in the region once thought to be extinct of Coral reefs by sponges. 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You how to remove cookies from your browser reduce the likelihood of extinction to historic human exploitation techniques has... Lakes to the International Union for conservation of most endangered species in the world, there were more than 400 (! As habitat loss and tiger farms has increased the need for better protection. Difference we must be aware!!!!!!!!!!... Creatures depend on sea ice, so climate change poses a real threat their.